Chapter 15: Use of ARIA

ARIA – What is it any way?

  • ARIA is a web standard by W3C
  • Stands for Accessible Rich Internet Applications
  • Used to enhance the screen reader & Key Board experience on web components.
  • Provides attributes called roles, states & properties.
  • ARIA is not a replacement or substitute for HTML.

How to use ARIA on web?

  • Don’t use ARIA, yes, the first principal of ARIA is ‘Don’t use ARIA unless you have a strong reason to use it.
  • No ARIA is better than bad ARIA. Sometimes using wrong ARIA states, roles and properties or using them against the spec is not good.
  • ARIA Can Both Cloak and Enhance
  • No change to UI and Functionality – Except for the key board interactions, there is nothing much difference in functionality or changes in UI because of the use of ARIA.

Check our Advanced web accessibility course to know deeper on WAI ARIA.

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