25 years to ADA
Americans with Disabilities Act – 1990 is signed by George .W. Bush on 26th June, 1990 to ensure that Americans with disabilities are benefited with equal rights and participation in the society. ADA is derived into 5 titles.
Titles of ADA
1. Employment (Title I)
Title I requires covered employers to provide reasonable accommodations for applicants and employees with disabilities and prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in all aspects of employment.
2. Public Services (Title II)
Under Title II, public services (which include state and local government agencies, the National Railroad Passenger Corporation, and other commuter authorities) cannot deny services to people with disabilities or deny participation in programs or activities that are available to people without disabilities. In addition, public transportation systems, such as public transit buses, must be accessible to individuals with disabilities.
3. Public Accommodations (Title III)
Public accommodations include facilities such as restaurants, hotels, grocery stores, retail stores, etc., as well as privately owned transportation systems. Title III requires that all new construction and modifications must be accessible to individuals with disabilities. For existing facilities, barriers to services must be removed if readily achievable.
4. Telecommunications (Title IV)
Telecommunications companies offering telephone service to the general public must have telephone relay service to individuals who use telecommunication devices for the deaf (TTYs) or similar devices.
5. Miscellaneous (Title V)
This title includes a provision prohibiting either (a) coercing or threatening or (b) retaliating against individuals with disabilities or those attempting to aid people with disabilities in asserting their rights under the ADA.
What is the impact of ADA?
Americans with Disabilities Act has brought a revolutionary change in the lives of people with disabilities not only in United States of America but the entire world. Many other countries have taken the initiative to protect the rights of people with disabilities in their country after the bill passed in White House. Many products used in day to day activity have become accessible allowing the people with disabilities to be independent, participate equally in the social activities and enjoy equal rights.
Watch the video George W Bush signing ADA at White House.